Cover page title: Biological Control of Leafy Spurge
A comprehensive, easy-to-read manual on how to use biological control as an effective leafy spurge management tool.

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TEAM Leafy Spurge has teamed up with the USDA-APHIS and North Dakota Department of Agriculture to produce "Biological Control of Leafy Spurge," a full color, 20-page manual on using leafy spurge flea beetles.

This how-to manual provides step-by-step instructions on implementing a biocontrol program for leafy spurge using flea beetles. It details the entire process, from obtaining flea beetles and picking release sites to evaluating success, harvesting and redistributing flea beetles, and integrating biological control with other leafy spurge management tools.

Key contributors to the manual include the North Dakota Biocontrol Steering Committee, the North Dakota State University departments of Entomology and Plant Sciences, the USDA-APHIS PPQ/Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory in Bozeman (Montana), the North Dakota Weed Control Association and the USDA-ARS Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory in Sidney, Montana.

Anyone interested in obtaining multiple copies of the manual for distribution at field days or similar activities should contact TEAM Leafy Spurge by e-mailing a request to, or by writing to TEAM Leafy Spurge, USDA-ARS NPARL, 1500 N. Central Ave., Sidney MT 59270.

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